Hair is a vital beauty asset and forms almost sixty percent of your personality. There are various types of hair such as normal hair, dry hair, oily hair and combination hair. Damaged hair is the outcome of a number of factors ranging from exposure of hair to excess heat and overuse of chemicals to environmental factors such as exposure to sunlight and intake of an inadequate diet. Proper hair care is essential in order to maintain healthy, bouncy hair that has a natural sheen. Damaged hair is coarse, dry, lifeless and brittle in nature. It tends to break easily and is difficult to tame. Everybody wants to have a glossy mane that is voluminous as well as manageable. You must indulge in a proper hair care routine based on the type of locks you have in order to grow beautiful hair.
Factors causing damaged hair
The various causes for hair damage include:
Exposure to heat: This is caused by using blow dryers, hot curlers, heat lamps, straightening irons etc.
Environmental factors: Exposure to the sun, bright lights, tanning beds and excessive humidity also contribute to damaging the hair.
Use of mechanical devices: The use of various devices that are electronic in nature such as combs, brushes, curling irons etc. also lead to dull and damage hair.
Exposure to chemicals: Excessive use of chemicals including color, chemicals absorbed from the environment, pool chemicals, perms, relaxants etc. are also responsible for dry and brittle hair.
Inadequate diet: Lack of proteins and essential fatty acids in the diet also damages the hair.
Healthy looking hair has a smooth, tight cuticle layer that protects the inner cortex from dying out. This layer allows the hair to maintain its moisture balance, promotes elasticity, strength and shine. Hair damage is characterized by uplifted cuticle damage resulting in dullness, decrease in hair shine and brittle hair texture. Damaged hair is dry, permeable, weak and hard to manage or style.
How to prevent hair damage?
Never blow dry your hair when it is dripping wet. Let it dry for a while and then blow dry it. Do not dry the hair completely and leave moisture. Try not to use a dryer for more than thrice a week.
Use a thermal protector when applying heat to your hair.
Proper grooming is the first step to fixing damaged hair. You can start by going in for good hair cut by removing split ends and adding a new bounce to the dull hair.
You must shampoo you hair on a regular basis and deep condition it. This must be followed by regular oiling on a weekly basis. Oil nourishes the roots and gives a shining, healthy look to hair. You can choose from a wide range of oils such as almond oil, olive oil, coconut oil or aloe oil.
Use a conditioner with an SPF of at least 15 or cover out your head while stepping out in the sun. This prevents the hair from getting damaged by direct exposure to the sun and pollution.
Colorants, perming lotions, bleaches etc. must be avoided. It is better to air oxidize the perms instead of using a neutralizer.
Never brush wet or tangled hair.
Diet plays an important role in the growth and maintenance of healthy hair. A shiny mane is depended up on the quality and the quantity of nutrition. The lack of any nutrient can cause hair problems. A high protein diet rich in vitamin B, A, C, D and E along with the essential fatty acids also plays a vital role in maintaining the health of hair. Yogurt, cheese, meat, liver, fish, green vegetables, butter, broccoli, tofu etc. are great for beautiful hair. You can also include various vitamins and supplements in the diet along with a cod liver oil capsule. Exercise and adequate amount of rest also help enhance the hair texture and add volume. Exercise attributes to proper blood flow and sleep promotes the overall health of the body.