Hair Perming is the process of physically and chemically processing straight hair in order to get curls or waves. Perms are a great way by means of which you can add volume to true curls and transform your looks overnight. Perming depends on the texture, style, volume and nature of your hair. A perm helps you get rid of blow drying, rolling and setting your hair on a daily basis.
It is essential for you to visit a professional cosmetologist in order to get a ravishing, bouncy perm. It requires you to undergo the process of restructuring of hair by the application of the right techniques and knowledge. A hair professional will enable you to get the desired effect that will go a long way in enhancing your personality and features. Hair perming tends to increase the volume of soft, fine hair and makes it easier for you to style your tresses. Curls and soft waves can add a zing to unexciting straight hair. Perming is also known as permanent weaving and curling.
Difference between blow-dried curls and a perm:
The major difference between blow-dried curls and those produced by perming is that the latter are permanent. Curls produced by blow drying tend to straighten once they come in contact with water, whereas curls produced by a perm are retained even after the hair absorbs water.
Hair perming method:
Perming causes the chemicals to break down and reform the hair altering its structure. After washing and wrapping the hair on a perm rod, waving lotion is applied with a base. The reaction of chemicals softens the inner layer of hair by reacting with the keratin present in the cortex. This causes the hair to soften, swell and stretch. The hair then moulds according to the shape of the perm rod. After sometime, the hair is rinsed and a neutralizer is applied to set the new curls.
Choosing the perm rod:
Selection of the perm rod is dependant upon the kind of perm that is desired. To get a wave perm, straight or cylindrical rods are used for wrapping the hair. In order to get a tighter perm, a smaller perm rod is requires. A large perm rod enables you to get a body wave look. However, this can result in the formation of weak curls.
Hair perming can also be done with acid or alkaline base perming solutions that are measured by the pH level of the acid.
Alkaline Hair Perms: This works best for resistant hair. It is also great for hair with low level of elasticity. It is hard to perm fine hair as well as normal hair by using this base.
Acidic Hair Perms : These are milder than alkaline perms and work at a lower pH to reduce swelling of the hair during the perm process. They reduce the chance of damaging fragile and color treated hair. It is a great choice for healthy hair that has good elasticity, colored hair, highlighted or brittle hair.
Hair perming can be done for long or short tresses and is popular among individuals of all age groups. It is not recommended for children. Perming adds volume to the hair making it look thicker and more elegant. It is essential for you to go over the various perming options with a hair care professional in order to get the desired effect.
Tips for perming at home:
- First and foremost, the hair has to be washed and conditioned properly. Hair that has already been exposed to chemicals may need a cream conditioner to protect it before perming.
- It is advised to use protective gloves while applying chemicals.
- When wrapping hair around rollers, each section must be wrapped smoothly and evenly. Keep in mind to not stretch the hair too tightly.
- Do not use perms if you are allergic to any ingredient in the product. Avoid contact with eyes, nose, and mouth.
Perming is a great way to enhance the bounce and vitality of your locks. However, if you are allergic to any chemicals or have sensitive skin, you must consult a dermatologist prior to going in for perming your hair. A great perm can go a long way in adding charm to your personality and features.